Twelve tips on writing abstracts and titles: How to get people to use and cite your work
The authors share 12 practical tips on creating effective titles and abstracts for a journal publication or conference presentation. When crafting a title authors should:
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- start thinking of the title from the start;
- brainstorm many key words, create permutations, and ask others for input;
- strive for an informative and indicative title;
- start the title with the most important words; and
- wait to finalise the title until the very end. When writing the abstract, authors should:
- wait until the end to write the abstract;
- copy and paste from main text as the starting point;
- start with a detailed structured format;
- describe what they did;
- describe what they found;
- highlight what readers can do with this information; and
- ensure that the abstract aligns with the full text and conforms to submission guidelines.
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